|Posted on September 16, 2020 at 2:30 AM|
The prostate is the most critical male reproductive organ which helps produce semen and is situated below the bladder. The only way for a doctor to feel the prostate during diagnosis is to perform a rectal examination. As men age, the size of their prostate considerably increases as part of a condition known as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (or BHP) which leads to complications later in life. Prostate enlargement can also cause urinary problems, sometimes even leading to chances of contracting prostate cancer. However, those suffering from BPH may not require urgent treatment as only those exhibiting crucial symptoms may have to visit a doctor. Mild cases may be treated with medication, however, surgery might be required if the patient is suffering from an extreme condition/case.
Alongside BPH, there are other conditions as well related to cancer, which may affect men (both in their middle and later ages) significantly, sometimes even requiring them to undergo proper treatment for prostate cancer. Other conditions related to the prostate include Prostatitis: this is caused by prostate inflammation and would need a professional Urology Consultant in Bangalore. This condition can lead to formation of pus in the prostate. In this case, a doctor would be looking at draining the pus out of the prostate. However, in case of chronic prostatitis, the disease may linger for a considerable amount of time and can only be managed with prolonged medication.
Although it may sound and appear to be concerning, prostate cancer varies in intensity, and hence, follows a very slow-paced growth. A doctor would usually first conduct a rectal examination to detect the cancer and its stage along with PSA, also known as Prostate Specific Antigen. PSA is almost like a blood test that measures the chemical released from the prostate. Although an increased PSA result doesn’t guarantee cancer, it is advisable to discuss the report with an experienced urologist or Urology Consultant in Bangalore.
Treatment for Prostate Cancer
If the cancer is still in its early stages, the doctor would choose to do nothing immediately and just continuously monitor the growth. Being a slow-spreading disease, this cancer takes years before its impact becomes more noticeable or permeable. However, if the cancer has spread considerably, and is in the final stages, there are a range of treatment options to choose from such as surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and using novel hormones that can effectively contain the spread.