NU Hospitals



Things You Need to know About Thyroid Cancer

Posted on September 18, 2019 at 5:30 AM

Your thyroid is in the shape of a small butterfly, and is usually found inside the lower front of your neck. It’s a gland that controls your metabolism. It also releases hormones that direct many functions in your body, including how your energy is used, how you produce heat, and how you consume oxygen.

Thyroid cancer develops when cells change or mutate. The abnormal cells begin multiplying in your thyroid and once there are enough of them, they form a tumor.

Types of Thyroid Cancer

Four types of thyroid cancer have been identified:

  • Papillary thyroid cancer
  • Follicular thyroid cancer
  • Medullary cancer
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer

What are the symptoms?

If you have thyroid cancer, you probably can’t trace any signs of it in the early stages. Some of the symptoms of thyroid cancer are:

  • Neck, throat pain
  • Lump in your neck
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Vocal changes, hoarseness
  • Cough

Inherited genetic syndromes: Some conditions, including cancer, come from the DNA you get from your parents.

Iodine deficiency: If you don’t get much of this chemical element in your diet, you could be at more risk for certain types of thyroid cancer.

Radiation exposure: If your head or neck was exposed to radiation treatment as a child.

Is it treatable?

Thyroid cancer treatment is usually very treatable, even if you have more advanced stage of it. That’s effective treatments that give you a great chance for a full recovery. And surgery, when it’s needed, can sometimes cure it.

At NU Hospitals, you will be well diagnosed under the supervision of some of the best thyroid surgeons with the right kind of thyroid cancer treatment. 

Categories: General Surgery

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