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Why living donor kidney transplant is better than decreased donor kidney transplant

Posted on June 30, 2020 at 8:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Renal Transplantation surgeries or kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure performed by a kidney specialist surgeons known as nephrologists. In this procedure, a healthy kidney is taken from a donor who may be living or deceased. The healthy kidney is then placed in the patient whose kidneys are failing.

 

When suffering through kidney problem, it can wreak good moments in life. So, many patients are recommended renal transplant.

The advantage of getting one is that the food and drink restrictions are fewer than before (keeping a healthy diet, nether-the-less). The newfound energy is exhilarating and improves with passing months. A successful kidney transplant also ends up being a boon wherein one may resume the life the patient lived before getting kidney disease. It is also safe to say that once a kidney is suited into the body, the kidney may last over a decade or even decades.

However, renal transplantations also have a bane attached. As things may not go according to plan no matter how well the surgery went. The risks include chances of contracting infection, and kidney rejection and then dialysis.

 

This brings in the question of dialysis. Why get it and can it be avoided? Many today prefer to get a renal or kidney transplant before they can start with dialysis. However, dialysis is taken mostly due to the lack of a donor match or other health complications. When seeking to answer such an important question, it is suggested to consult with doctors from hospitals that specialise in this treatment. And one of the best kidney transplant hospitals in Bangalore is NU Hospitals.

 

 

Types of Kidney Transplant

 

Living donors

Did you know a body can function perfectly well with just one healthy kidney? This is one of the reasons why a family member who has two healthy kidneys may choose to donate one of them the family member with failing kidneys. Living donors are usually preferred from the family since finding a matching with the blood and tissues to that of the patient’s is higher. Another plus point of receiving a kidney from a family member is the reduced chances of the patient’s body rejecting the kidney.

Deceased donors

These kidney donations are received from a recently deceased person. Usually, the kidney is taken from a deceased person, usually dead by an accident rather than a disease. It’s mostly donated because the donor or donor’s family has chosen to give away the organs to help another.

With this kind of transplant, rejection of the foreign kidney from an unrelated donor is always high. However, this is a good alternative in case the patient has no family member who’s able to donate a kidney or has no living family members. There are many kidney transplants cases in Bangalore that have had to use the cadaver or deceased donor option. Though finding a match and waiting for the body to accept the kidney does take some time, advancements in treatments and medications have increased the success rates.

 

 


How to Prevent Bladder Cancer?

Posted on June 26, 2020 at 3:25 AM Comments comments (0)

As we all know, old age for most comes with its share of changes, especially in the way the body functions and responds to certain abnormalities. While people in their old age are more susceptible to risks, it is important to know that irrespective of one’s age, a healthy lifestyle and positive outlook towards a daily routine helps one reduce the risks considerably if not eliminate the chances completely.

 

One such ailment which one must always be wary of is bladder cancer. Here, we are going to share with you a few bladder cancer prevention techniques which can help you and your loved ones be more cautious and proactive in the later years of life as it is more common in older men than young boys and/or girls. One of the major deterrents in a bladder cancer prevention regime is the habit of smoking. Prolonged smoking leads to some genetic changes in the body, which, with time, may develop into bladder cancer.

 

It is imperative to note that different age levels expose different risk factors and levels. For example, a man has 1 out of 27 chances of developing bladder cancer during his lifetime while the same for a woman is 1 in 89 chances. Studies show that people who have the habit of chain-smoking, and / or who are subjected to harmful fumes and chemicals due to their profession may be at a greater risk of developing bladder cancer.

 

 

Risk factors for bladder cancer

 

 

Exposure to the below can increase the risk of bladder cancer in the later years. Knowing what they are early in life can only make one more cautious and proactive towards bladder cancer prevention:

 

 

• Industrial chemicals

• Aromatic amines

• Arsenic

• Rubber

• Aluminium

• Paint products

• Genetic history

• Bladder infections

• Birth defects

• Lack of hydration

• Medications

 

 

While bladder cancer treatment will involve the usual cancer treatment procedures, it is always advisable for people to take the necessary steps for bladder cancer prevention:

 

 

• Reduce smoking

• Drink enough water

• Well-balanced diet (Fruits and Veggies, fish rich in omega-3 along with lean protein and red meat)

 

 

It is imperative to be conscious about any changes in the body especially in the later years of life as any abnormality could be a sign and / or symptom of bladder cancer. Hence, it is always recommended to seek professional medical guidance if and when in doubt.

 

 


What Causes Kidney Failure

Posted on June 26, 2020 at 2:40 AM Comments comments (0)

The kidneys are a pair of organs that are located in the lower back. Each of the kidneys is one side of the spine. The function of a pair of healthy kidneys is to filter blood and remove toxins from the body.

The toxins from the kidneys are sent to the bladder, which is removed during urination. Apart from being the bodies, the hormones that control blood pressure and red blood cells are made in the kidneys. They also balance some elements in the blood like sodium, potassium, and calcium.

Kidney failures are of two kinds acute kidney failure and chronic kidney failures. Chronic Kidney Failure is also known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Both, acute and chronic kidney failures, occur when the kidneys can’t filter waste from the blood properly. When this happens the wastes accumulates to a dangerous level causing the blood’s chemical to get imbalanced.

There are many reasons why the kidney’s health deteriorates or other kidney diseases may occur when:

● Other chronic or acute problems that have done permanent damage over time

● Polycystic kidney disease

● Diabetes

● High blood pressure

● Urinary tract issues

● Blocked kidneys due to recurring kidney stones

● Heart attack

● Blood clot in the kidney

● Drugs, alcohol and smoking

● Infection

● Chemotherapy

Here are some of the common symptoms one may notice if suffering from kidney failure:

● Itching

● Muscle cramps

● Nausea and vomiting

● Not feeling hungry

● Swelling in your feet and ankles

● Too much urine (pee) or not enough urine

● Trouble catching your breath

● Trouble sleeping

In the case of acute kidney failure:

● Abdominal pain

● Back pain

● Diarrhea

● Fever

● Nosebleeds

● Rash

● Vomiting

The signs of early-stage kidney disease are often subtle but the following are the common symptoms:

● Decreased urination

● Swelling in the limbs (fluid retention)

● Shortness of breath

With acute kidney failure, the damage may not always be permanent. The kidneys may go back to normal or almost normal with proper treatment if other serious health problems don’t disturb the healing process.

When the patient has CKD the kidney treatment recommended is either dialysis or a kidney transplant. This is a serious treatment needed to live. While on kidney dialysis or with a kidney transplant many live long lives even as there is no cure for CKD.

The best hospitals for kidney failure treatment in Bangalore will suggest the following :

Kidney Dialysis

During dialysis, a machine is used to filter the blood and toxins out of the body. The kidneys functions are performed by the machine. While on it the doctors may suggest a low-potassium and low-salt diet along. It is important to understand that dialysis doesn’t cure kidney failure, but it can extend life so other treatments can be scheduled.

Kidney transplant

Another treatment option is a kidney transplant. If the body accepts the transplanted kidney it will function normally which usually last from 10-20 years. Most patients go with a living donor from a family member. It is necessary for the kidney to be compatible with the body.

 


Kidney Biopsy Tests: Procedure, Risks & Results

Posted on June 25, 2020 at 4:45 AM Comments comments (0)

In order to diagnose a disease or the extent to which it has spread in the body, the doctor may sometimes employ a method where he / she would extract a tiny piece of tissue from the affected or surrounding area for examination; this diagnostic procedure is called a Biopsy. When this procedure is used to diagnose whether the kidneys are affected by cancer, the process is known as Kidney Biopsy or Renal Kidney Biopsy. The test aids the doctor with the necessary information such as the disease severity, the spread of the ailment, and the risks it may pose, thus, enabling the professional in determining the apt treatment and cure strategy.

 

Before we discuss kidney biopsy procedure further, it is important to have an in depth look at the various different types of biopsies that are performed.

 

There are primarily two types of Renal Kidney Biopsy, both of which are performed fairly widely, however, based on a patient’s conditions or the doctor’s recommendations, the subject to choose rests upon the team of healthcare professionals.

 

 

• Open Biopsy also known as Surgical Biopsy

• Renal Needle Biopsy also known as Percutaneous Biopsy

 

 

Factors that lead to a renal kidney biopsy:

 

 

• Un-diagnosable ailment in the kidney/s

• Sudden malfunction of kidney/s

• Blood in the urine

• Excess protein (urea) in the urine

• Observation of a transplanted kidney

 

 

Kidney Biopsy Procedure:

 

 

• Open Biopsy: This process is helpful when the doctor requires a large portion of kidney tissue. A small incision is made near the kidney and once the sample is collected, it is stitched back.

 

 

• Percutaneous Biopsy: In this process, a thin needle is employed. The needle is inserted into the body, and with the use of ultrasound or tomography, the location for extracting the tissue is identified.

 

 

Risks Associated with Renal Biopsy

 

 

If you notice any of the signs and symptoms as mentioned below, seek immediate medical attention, as more often than not, these signs may lead to certain kidney biopsy risks:

• Difficulty in urination

• Presence of blood beyond a day after the biopsy was conducted

• Urgent and / frequent need to urinate

• Urinary burns

• Above points accompanied by fever or chills

• Post-biopsy pain in the affected area

• Nausea

• Renal biopsies, in some rare cases, may even cause internal organ damage

 

 

Apart from these indicators, some kidney biopsy complications may happen due to other reasons too, such as certain infections.

 

Infections:

 

• Affected flow of blood through the kidneys

• Diseases in the connective tissues

• Diabetes

• Kidney transplant rejection

 

 

Additional tests may be recommended by the professional to devise a fully tailored treatment regime. Even the reports from a biopsy are vital in determining the changing the course of treatment, if required.

 

 


How do you get rid of bladder stones?

Posted on May 29, 2020 at 5:00 AM Comments comments (0)

Vesical calculus or cystoliths are mineral deposits that lead to the formation of kidney stones in one’s bladder. This usually takes place when urination doesn’t lead to the complete emptying of the bladder, and the residual urine sediments to form crystals. Normally, these stones pass in the urine, but sometimes they are large enough to block the urinary tract and bladder. These stones need to be identified through X-rays. These conditions can lead to the formation of either one stone or multiple bladder stones.

 

Kidney stones are generally asymptomatic, but, sometimes, may give you certain signs, which, upon noticing, must prompt you to seek professional medical guidance:

 

• Pain and / or irritation in the penis (in case of men)

• Irregular urination

• Pain in the lower stomach area

• Blood in the urine

 

Although bladder stones can occur due to a number of causes, some notable ones are:

 

• Neurogenic Bladder: This happens when the nerves between the bladder and nervous system are affected

• Prostate Enlargement: This can cause disruption in the urine flow

• Bladder inflammation: UTI and radiation therapy are known to cause this

• Bladder diverticula: These are caused due to the formation of bladder pouches

• Cystocele: This happens in women when the bladder walls become weak ultimately leading to bladder stones

 

Bladder & Renal Stones Treatment

 

Usually the doctor will recommend the patient to drink lots of water to help push out the bladder stones through the urinary tract; but this might work only for small stones. If the stones are big and pose difficulty for the patient to push out, the doctor may employ either of these two methods -

 

1. One of the methods is to use medication and / general anesthesia to render unconsciousness, following which the doctor will insert a laparoscope into the bladder to get a clear picture. Once examined, the doctor may use an ultrasound or a similar device to break down the stone/s and flush it out through the bladder.

 

2. The doctor may even opt to perform a surgical removal of the stones if the stones are too hard / large to be broken down in order to carry out successful renal stones treatment.

 

 



How to Overcome Male Infertility

Posted on May 22, 2020 at 2:50 AM Comments comments (0)

It has been observed and studied that 1 out 3 couple deal with infertility in today. And in thirds of these couples have male infertility. Though being unable to conceive is usually associated with women there are male fertility issues can often be the reason.

 

What the physiological causes of male infertility?

 

Low sperm production, abnormal sperm function, or blockages that limit sperm production, can be a reason for the inability to conceive. Apart from these, current illness, injuries, chronic health issues, lifestyle choices like smoking or working in a hot environment and other factors can also lead to male infertility.

 

What are the other causes of male infertility?

Some of the reason behind fertility problems are:

● Overexposure to heat, toxins and chemicals can reduce sperm production or motility.

● Drug use is another big reason for fertility issues. Certain type of steroids that are often taken for fitness or perhaps to treat another illness may shrink the testicles and lead to lower sperm production. Also, the use of recreational drugs like cocaine or marijuana may reduce the quality of sperm as well.

● Drinking alcohol can cause erectile dysfunction and decrease sperm production. Drinking also leads to liver disease which in turn may lead to fertility problems.

● It’s been studied that men who smoke may have a lower sperm count than do those who don't smoke. However, it has also been observed that secondhand smoking also may affect male fertility.

● Dealing with emotional stress can also affect sperm count.

● Being overweight or obese is known to directly impact on hormone chance which can affect sperm quality.

 

What are the symptoms?

Even though most men don’t notice symptoms other than feeling incapacitated to conceive a child, here are some symptoms that are linked with male infertility:

 

● Difficulty in ejaculating or very little fluid ejaculated, decreased sex-drive, or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)

● Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area

● Recurrent respiratory infections

● Inability to smell

● Abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia)

● Reduced facial or body hair

● A lower than normal sperm count

How is male fertility diagnosed?

Experts who treat and specialise on male sexual problems and male infertility are known as andrologists. When consulting over male fertility problems, NU Hospitals has some of the most well-mentioned https://www.nuhospitals.com/medical-specialities/andrology" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">andrologists near you.

The andrologists will Do a general physical examination and study one’s medical history. And this is what one can expect: examining of genitals and questions about any inherited illness like diabetes or others, any chronic health problems, any current illnesses, injuries or surgeries.

● Do a semen analysis.

● May do a scrotal (testicle) ultrasound. This helps the doctor understand if there are any other problems in the testicles and supporting structures.

● May ask for a blood test to find any abnormalities in other hormonal or organ systems also might contribute to infertility. A blood test measures the level of testosterone and other hormones.

Are there any treatments for male fertility?

NU Hospitals has some of the leading doctors who treat men’s sexual health. And through the positive treatments over the years it’s come to be known as one of the https://www.nuhospitals.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">best andrology hospitals to treat male fertility problems in Bangalore. One may also try for an online doctor’s consultation with NU Hospitals.

Treatments for male infertility include:

● Surgery

● Hormone treatments and medications

● Assisted reproductive technology (ART)

 

 

 

 

 







Treatment for Uro-Oncology in India

Posted on April 8, 2020 at 9:00 AM Comments comments (0)

Uro-oncology, also known as urologic oncology, is a medical discipline that deals with cancers and / or tumours of the urinary organs. Uro-oncologists treat a variety of malignancies that mostly include:

 

• Bladder Cancer

• Testicular Cancer

• Adrenal Cancer

• Kidney Cancer

• Penile Cancer

• Prostate Cancer

• Pelvis Cancer

 

While different types of cancers come with their own unique treatment / cure strategies, here we will be discussing the kinds of surgeries and treatments involved in Prostate Cancer, Kidney Cancer, and Bladder Cancer. A uro-oncologist has to work in close concord with the healthcare team to ensure that the treatments are customized to one’s condition, and help bring down the risks of side effects.https://www.nuhospitals.com/medical-specialities/urology/uro-oncology" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> Uro-oncology treatment in India, in most cases, requires surgery unless the cancer has metastasized, in which case, chemo/ radiation therapy will be recommended. Advancements in technology and increasing medical knowledge drastically reduce the chances of post-operative pain. Radiation trauma, while heightening the chances of a successful treatment, in certain cases, may cause delayed diagnosis, making it difficult to always achieve the desired results.

 

What Are the Various Options Available for Kidney Cancer Treatment?

 

The following methods can be considered for kidney cancer treatment -

 

• Radical nephrectomy: This procedure enables the removal of the entire kidney that’s affected. The adrenal gland may also have to be removed if the tumour has affected it or is very close to it.

 

 

• Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN): This surgery involves multiple small incisions instead of one large incision. One of the incisions will be larger than the others to facilitate the transfer of the affected kidneys. LRN requires lesser recovery time and also leads to reduced bleeding and pain.

 

 

• Partial nephrectomy: This approach selectively eliminates the part of the kidney that is affected by the cancer. This procedure is beneficial, especially for those with one kidney, or with abnormal kidney function so as to ensure that some part of the kidney is still functional.

 

What Are the Various Options for Prostate Cancer Treatment?

 

Below are the options for prostate cancer treatment -

 

• Prostatectomy: This procedure involves the complete removal of the prostate. The most used surgical method for this is the Da Vinci Surgical system which is a robotic system designed for smaller invasions and extremely precise cuts.

 

 

• Biopsy: This is normally used to diagnose prostate cancer. While in certain cases, a biopsy might require an endoscopy, it, most of the time, will rely heavily on image guidance.

 

What Are the Various Options for Bladder Cancer Treatment?

 

The following treatment methods could be deployed to treat bladder cancer -

 

• Transurethral resection: This procedure is most commonly used for early stage cancers and / or those with superficial bladder wall layer.

 

 

• Cystectomy: This is a surgical procedure and is mostly used to remove the entire bladder or selective portions of it. Laparoscopy is one of the methods employed.

Cystectomies are performed in two ways:

a) Partial Cystectomy

b) Radical Cystectomy

 

 

• Reconstructive surgery: Reconstructive surgery is performed when the bladder cancer is at an advanced stage and cannot be removed with surgery.

 

As with most types of cancer, even kidney cancers, if detected at an early stage, can be curable with the right treatment / surgery / therapy. NU Hospitals ranks as one of the https://www.nuhospitals.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">best urology hospitals in Bangalore and whenever you think you have room to worry, it is always advisable to seek the professional help of our esteemed urologists / nephrologists, either through our online portal or by visiting one of our branches nearest to you.

 






















Will Dialysis Help Cure Kidney Disease?

Posted on December 18, 2019 at 6:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Dialysis

 

Dialysis is a treatment for kidney failure that is used to perform many normal functions of the kidneys. Dialysis is needed when your own kidneys can no longer function properly. Kidney dialysis is a lifelong process unless a kidney transplant is performed.

 

When is dialysis needed?

 

Dialysis is needed when you develop an end-stage kidney failure usually caused by chronic kidney disease. In end-stage kidney failure, your kidneys do not get better and you will need dialysis for the rest of your life.

 

Can dialysis cure kidney disease?

 

No, dialysis is a treatment for kidney disease, not a permanent cure. When kidneys fail, dialysis is chosen as a replacement. Dialysis is an artificial process that carefully eliminates wastes, salt, and extra water from the blood without removing substances the body needs. This process helps control blood pressure and keeps the body’s electrolytes in balance.

 

Types of kidney dialysis

 

Hemodialysis

 

Hemodialysis is a type of dialysis treatment that uses a machine to clean your blood. It can be performed at a dialysis center or at home.

 

Peritoneal dialysis

Peritoneal dialysis is a treatment that cleans your blood by using a cleaning solution called dialysate. Peritoneal dialysis may be done at home or wherever you have a private and clean area.

 

Kidney transplant

 

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person’s body who is suffering from end-stage kidney failure.

 

NU Hospitals in Bangalore, India is recognized as one of the best hospitals in Nephrology, Urology and Fertility (IVF) treatment over the last 20 years. At NU, kidney transplant team has extensive experience in the most complex types of kidney transplantation.

 

Learn more about transplants at NU Hospitals

 


5 Factors Which Make India an Ideal Medical Tourism Spot

Posted on December 9, 2019 at 4:25 AM Comments comments (0)

India receives thousands of international medical tourists annually from around the globe. The main source being the developed countries like the US and the UK.


Medical tourism in India is growing in a huge scale as one can get here quality healthcare at a reasonable cost.

 

Here are a few major factors that make India an excellent medical tourism spot:

 

 

  • Low-cost Treatment

 

 

The cost of healthcare treatment in India is very less compared to that in other countries like the US or UK. In fact, the travel expenses like airfares, hotel, food and stay are also quite affordable.

 

 

  • World Class Services

 

 

Most Indian healthcare centers provide international standard care and accommodations to their patients. These hospitals also provide international patient services 24/7, as well as assistance with many essential stuffs like visa application and hospital admission etc.

 

 

  • Ease of Communication

 

 

Despite India's diversity of languages, English is widely spoken by most of the people and almost universally used by medical professionals. In India, you can find a number of hospitals with an availability of language translators too.

 

 

  • Ancient Medical Therapies

 

 

India offers a powerful way to heal and recover from a disease in the form of ancient natural therapies like Ayurveda, Naturopathy and Yoga. Many hospitals in India offer these amazing techniques to aid in post-treatment recovery. It contributes in psychological benefits as well.

 

 

  • Proficient Medical Professionals

 

 

Hospitals in India have highly trained physicians, nurses and staff with relevant experiences. The doctors are well-trained from the country’s top medical universities. They profoundly practice advanced technology and enhanced techniques for the treatments.

 

NU Multispeciality Hospital is one among the best hospitals in India. We aim to deliver a comprehensive Nephro-Urology service all over the world. We are serving care in Kidney and Renal treatment for 15+ years and performed more than 400 Kidney Transplants in the past 8 years.

 

NU Hospitals provide an ample range of services for international patients and their family/attendants.

 

Enquire for any assistance!

 


Kidney Stone Removal Without Surgery

Posted on November 21, 2019 at 5:45 AM Comments comments (0)

Kidney stones are hard crystals of minerals and salts that form by sticking together inside the kidneys. The size of kidney stones can vary from a seed to a pearl or even larger. It can obstruct the urine flow and cause infection, kidney damage or kidney failure.

 

Treatment for kidney stones

 

Most kidney stones can be treated without surgery. Kidney stones can pass by itself through the urinary tract but may cause severe pain. The pain caused by a kidney stone may differ in intensity when shifting to a different location.

 

Kidney stones can be easily melted by medication and therapy until the size of the stones are very large that can't be removed or crushed with other treatments. In this case, surgery might be the only option. Find the best treatment of kidney stones in Bangalore.

 

Following are some ways to treat kidney stones without surgery:

 

1. Medications

 

Some specific types of kidney stones like uric acid stones can be dissolved with the help of medications. Medications are used to make stones easy to pass through urine.

 

2. Drink a lot of water

 

Some kidney stones are formed by an infection because of not drinking enough fluids or water. Drinking plenty of water is one of the best ways to prevent and treat kidney stones. It helps ease the passage or slow the growth of stones in the kidneys.

 

3. Home remedies

 

Several home remedies are present to cure kidney stones. The purpose of these methods is to dissolve kidney stones in the urine and pass it out from the body.

 

But it is always recommended to consult with your doctor first as you may be allergic to some ingredients.

 

Apple cider vinegar, lemon juice, pomegranate juice, basil and wheatgrass juice etc contain the ingredients that can help prevent kidney stones.

 

But remember, if you are noticing symptoms of kidney stones, it is always good to see a urologist before taking any medication or therapy. Your doctor may suggest a kidney stone surgery until and unless kidney stones starts coming down and get stuck in the ureter. Larger kidney stones require immediate removal by kidney surgery or even kidney transplant.

 

Get kidney function tests regularly as sometimes no symptoms are seen for most of the kidney disease. Choose the best treatment and care for your kidneys in one of India’s leading Nephrology-Urology hospitals.

 

Contact NU multispecialty hospital Bangalore

 



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