NU Hospitals

Subtitle

Blog

Courses of Treatment for Head and Neck Cancer

Posted on August 20, 2019 at 1:50 AM Comments comments (0)



The first step in treating head and neck cancer is to determine the stage of cancer. Stage I and II cancers are usually small and have not spread from their original location. These are usually curable. Stage III and IV cancers have usually spread to nearby lymph nodes and are large tumors. Usually, they require more complicated treatment and have a smaller chance of cure, but most are potentially curable.


The three main courses of treatment for head and neck cancers are radiation therapy, surgery and chemotherapy.


Surgery: Surgeons may remove the tumor and a margin of surrounding tissue. Lymph nodes in the neck and may also be removed if it is suspected that the cancer has spread.


Surgery on the head and neck areas may alter the patient’s ability to chew, talk and swallow. For this, the patient might need speech therapy as well.


Radiation therapy: This involves the use of high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells. This may be done by placing radioactive materials into the body near the cancer cells.


Radiation therapy can have side effects, such as sores or irritation in the treated area, difficulty in swallowing or tasting, loss of saliva, decreased appetite.


Chemotherapy: This treatment involves the use of anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. It is more commonly used for advanced stage head and neck cancers.


Side effects include sores in the mouth, loss of appetite, vomiting, dizziness, joint pain and hair loss. Patients should consult with a physician about how to treat these side effects.


NU Hospitals has the best set of head and neck surgeons in Bangalore and it is also known to be one of the finest head and neck surgery hospitals in India.


Four Ways to Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

Posted on June 13, 2019 at 7:15 AM Comments comments (0)

Keeping your kidneys functioning properly and free of any ailments is a vital aspect of your physical well-being. As with every other system in our body, ensuring this is quite simple; healthy diet, physical activity and relinquishing smoking and alcoholism are the broad outline of the fundamentals needed to be kept in mind to maintain kidneys in top nick. In a majority of cases, these prophylactic measures suffice. However, in case of more serious complications, medical intervention becomes necessary. NU Hospitals is a kidney hospital located in Bangalore that specializes in the intricacies and path breaking innovations in renal care. But first, let us now examine the specific steps we can take:


Drink adequate amounts of water and fluids


A major reason for formation and accumulation of the stones is due to lack of water to dissolve them and flush them out of your system. However, it is also important to know the right type of fluids that can actually aid your body. Water is the best drink, followed by limited quantities of fruit juice with the fibre and minus added sugar. Do not drink sodas, caffeinated drinks and alcohol.


Egg whites


Egg whites are the richest sources of proteins and low in phosphorus and cholesterol. It consists of all the essential amino acids that keep your kidneys healthy. There are certain proteins which strain your kidneys and also produce lots of wastes while being metabolized in the body. The proteins in the egg white are the high-quality proteins that produce less waste and promote kidney health.


Olive oil

 

Olive oil is consists of an anti-inflammatory fatty acid, oleic acid. It consists of mono saturated fats and also has anti-oxidant properties that protects against oxidation and prevent inflammation. There are many studies that reveal that use of large amounts of olive oil reduces the risk of heart disease and cancer, this considerably aiding in effective kidney treatment.


Monitor your blood sugar and pressure


Diabetes and high blood pressure are a welcome mat for a host of kidney diseases and damage. Therefore, if you have high blood sugar levels and/or pressure, or are prone to these due to hereditary and lifestyle factors, make sure you undergo regular tests to keep them in check.

 

A word of caution here. Kidney dialysis is sometimes mistaken to be a cure of sorts, or a process that can keep/ make the kidneys healthy. However, that’s not entirely true. Dialysis is at best an interim treatment option that can be carried out till such time as a matching donor becomes available for a transplant.

 

Notwithstanding the above steps, if there is a serious progression in the severity of kidney damage, please visit a nephrologists immediately. If diagnosed in the initial stages, the treatment options are relatively less complicated, but in the end stages, kidney transplant is the only reliable medical solution.



Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults

Posted on April 16, 2019 at 2:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder that causes your body to excrete too much protein in your urine.

Nephrotic syndrome is usually caused by damage to the clusters of small blood vessels in your kidneys that filter waste and excess water from your blood. Nephrotic syndrome causes swelling, especially in your feet and ankles, and increases the risk of other health problems. Nephrotic syndrome can increase your risk of infections and blood clots.

Some of the signs and symptoms of nephrotic syndrome are:


  • Severe swelling, particularly around your eyes and in your ankles and feet.
  • Weight gain due to excess fluid retention.
  • Fatigue.
  • Loss of appetite.


Factors that increase your risk of nephrotic syndrome include:


  • Certain diseases and conditions increase your risk of developing nephrotic syndromes, such as diabetes, lupus and other kidney diseases.
  • Certain medications that can cause nephrotic syndrome include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs used to fight infections.
  • Some of the infections that increase the risk of nephrotic syndrome include HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and malaria.

Complications


Possible complications of nephrotic syndrome include:

  • Blood clots.
  • High blood cholesterol and elevated blood triglycerides.
  • Poor nutrition.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Acute kidney failure.
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Infections

Nephrotic syndromes need immediate attention and if you’re one of those who’s been getting affected by the same, consult at NU Hospitals as it’s known to be one of the best nephrology hospitals in Bangalore.


Kidney Transplantation: Everything you need to know

Posted on April 5, 2019 at 5:50 AM Comments comments (0)

When your kidneys fail, treatment is needed to replace the functionalities of your own kidneys. There are two types of treatment for kidney failure- dialysis or transplant. It’s said that a kidney transplant offers more freedom and a better quality of life that dialysis. With well-equipped technologies and erudite surgeons, one can consider NU Hospitals for it serves as one of the best kidney transplant hospitals in Bangalore. 

What is a kidney transplant?

At the time of a kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is placed inside your body to do the work your own kidneys can no longer do.

On the other side, there are a certain restrictions that one must follow. A successful kidney transplant may allow you to live the kind of life you were living earlier. Many people might need more than one kidney transplant during a lifetime.

What is a pre-emptive or early transplant?

Getting a transplant before you need to start dialysis is called a pre-emptive transplant. It allows you to avoid dialysis together. Getting a transplant done not long after kidneys fail is referred to as an early transplant. Both have their own set of benefits. Pre-emptive or early transplant, with little or no time spent on dialysis, can lead to better long-term health.

Who can get a kidney transplant?

Kidney transplants have no age bars. It can be done on patients of all ages- from children to seniors. You just need to be healthy enough to undergo the operation. Every person being considered for transplant will get a full medical and psychological evaluation just to be sure that you fit as a good candidate for transplant.

What does the operation involve?

You may be surprised to know that your own kidney usually aren’t taken out when you get a transplant. The surgeon leaves them where they are unless there is a medical reason to remove them. The donated kidney is then placed into your lower abdomen. The entire procedure takes up to four hours. If the kidney comes from a living donor, it should start working immediately whereas a kidney taken from a deceased donor can take longer to start working-two or four weeks or more. If that happens, you may need dialysis until the kidney begins to work again.

At NU Hospitals, you’ll be offered with one of the best set of kidney transplant doctors in Bangalore.




Things You Need To Know About Chronic Kidney Disease

Posted on January 18, 2019 at 4:05 AM Comments comments (0)

As per reports, 30 million people in the United States are living with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). The term chronic kidney disease’ means lasting damage to the kidneys that can get worse over time. This is commonly called kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease. In case your kidneys fail, you’ll need dialysis or a kidney transplant in order to survive.

1. What causes chronic kidney disease?

Anyone can get chronic kidney disease. Risks vary from person to person.

Some of the things that can increase the risk include:

  • High blood pressure (Hypertension).
  • Diabetes.
  • Heart Disease.
  • Hereditary factors.
  • Being over 60 years old.

2. Symptoms of chronic kidney disease:

chronic kidney disease usually gets worse with time and symptoms may not appear until your kidneys are inadequately damaged. In the later stages of chronic kidney disease, you may get to see symptoms that are caused by waste and extra fluid building up in your body.

Some of the symptoms are :

  • muscle cramps.
  • itching.
  • nausea and vomiting.
  • swelling in your feet and ankles.
  • trouble sleeping.

3. Treatments for chronic kidney disease:

Kidney damage is usually permanent. Although the damage cannot be treated, you can take steps to keep your kidneys as healthy as possible.

some of the ways are:

  • Keep your blood sugar under control.
  • Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet.
  • Make sure to exercise at least 30 minutes.
  • Keep a check on your weight.
  • No use of tobacco nor consuming alcohol.

NU Hospitals has been pioneering in Nephrology. Aided by a team of top Nephrologists in Bangalore, we offer optimal treatment options for the entire spectrum of kidney diseases. For those who are suffering from Nephrological problems, consider consulting with the best nephrologists for thorough and ethical diagnosis.

The Curious Tale of the Toiling Kidneys

Posted on January 4, 2019 at 8:10 AM Comments comments (0)


KIDNEY DISORDERS


Your kidneys may be small, but they perform many big and vital functions. However, we often forget the existence of this pair and with that ignorance, you may suddenly realize you've got acute or chronic disorders. In certain serious cases, there even may be the need for kidney treatments like dialysis or kidney transplant to stay alive.


Kidney disorders come under the medical bracket of Nephrology. Nephrotic syndrome, acute nephritic syndrome, acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, and diabetic nephropathy are some of the common albeit serious disorders we treat and cure at NU Hospitals.


Nephrotic syndrome: You may not even know that you have nephrotic syndrome until you’ve got a urine or blood test. This syndrome isn’t a disease, but a group of symptoms indicating at kidneys that aren’t working right.


SYMPTOMS OF NEPHROTIC SYNDROME


  • Cloudy urine
  • Tiredness
  • Swelling in legs, feet, ankles and sometimes hands and face
  • Loss of appetite

Acute Nephritic Syndrome: It’s an immune reaction prompted by an infection or another disease. A doctor’s appointment and tests can show an enlarged liver, high blood pressure, abnormal heart and lung sounds, enlarged veins in the neck.


SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE NEPHRITIC SYNDROME


  • A dark shade or cloudy urine
  • Blurre vision
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness and aches

Acute Renal Failure: This disorder tends to occur rapidly. There are three main categories of causes of acute renal failure, prerenal (caused by the low blood supply to the kidneys), intrinsic (harm caused by chemicals, illegal drugs or even prescribed ones), postrenal (kidney failure caused by problems in the urinary tract, bladder, urethra)


SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE RENAL FAILURE

  • Vomiting, fatigue, and loss of appetite
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Muscle weakness
  • Loss of consciousness

Chronic Renal Failure: It is a slow and steady decline of the kidney functions. It usually is caused by another serious medical condition. It occurs over months as the kidney slowly stops working.


SYMPTOMS OF CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE


  • Increase urination, especially at night
  • Decreased urination
  • Blood in urination
  • Cloudy urination

Diabetic Nephropathy: As the name suggests this kind of kidney disorder is caused Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. In worst case scenarios there even may be a need for a transplant.


SYMPTOMS OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY


  • Tiredness
  • Swelling of hands, feet, eyes, legs
  • Worsening of BP control
  • Loss of appetite
  • Increased urination

In NU Hospitals there are treatments available for many kidney diseases, though these disorders can often be prevented with regular doctor’s check-up and advice. Our kidney doctors have specialized many innovative procedures that allow our patients to receive quality treatment, making one of the top Nephrology Hospitals in India. However, before you let your body down think of all the consequences you’d have to face for it.

Kidney biopsy: Who would need it and why

Posted on December 6, 2018 at 4:55 AM Comments comments (0)

A renal kidney biopsy is a medical procedure that requires extracting a small piece of kidney tissue for examination under a microscope. It’s usually a pathologist; a clinician specializing in diagnosing diseases—who examines the sample kidney tissue in a laboratory. From the diseased tissue, the pathologist can find out signs of a potential kidney disease or infection. If the patient has undergone a kidney transplant recently, doctors will perform a biopsy to figure out if the operation is successful, and if not- look into the reasons behind the failure of the procedure. The kidney tissue collected from the patient can show scarring, signs of infection, inflammation or unusual deposits of immunoglobulin. If a patient has chronic kidney disease or any other condition that leads to decreased kidney function over a given period of time—a renal kidney biopsy will reflect the pace at which the disease is progressing.


Supported by a team of top renal and transplant pathologists in Bangalore, NU uses two main ways of performing a renal kidney biopsy. The first one is called the percutaneous procedure where using ultrasound, a needle is used to collect kidney tissue. The second option is an open biopsy where, just like general surgeries- the skin is cut open to extract tissues from the diseased kidney. Besides providing some of the best kidney transplants in India, NU Hospitals also offer optimal post-operative care where the success of the transplant is monitored through kidney biopsies and other cutting-edge procedures. The team at NU has some of the best kidney transplant doctors in Bangalore who come with years of advanced medical practice.

Recovering from a renal kidney biopsy could depend on a number of factors. Having some of the most well experienced renal and transplant pathologists in Bangalore, NU offers the best kidney biopsies in the city. According to your physical fitness, immunity, and medical history, your doctor will recommend either an open biopsy or a percutaneous one. The open biopsy is generally offered to patients who have had problems with bleeding or blood clotting in the past, or those who have only one active kidney. Patients are usually provided with a general anesthesia when they’re having an open biopsy. Post-biopsy, it’s normal to have some amount of blood in your urine and mild belly pain for up to 24 hours after the procedure. You should report to your physician straightaway if the condition persists for more than three days. The patient is allowed to resume their normal diet and usual daily activities within a week of the biopsy. The team at NU is backed by some of the best kidney transplant doctors in Bangalore who will provide you the most hassle-free, high-end biopsies at economical rates.

Few things one should know about Polycystic Kidney Disease

Posted on Comments comments (0)

Polycystic kidney disease, also known as PKD, is an inherited kidney disorder. It causes fluid-filled cysts to form in the kidneys. PKD may impair kidney function and eventually lead to kidney failure.

What are the symptoms of PKD?

Many people live with PKD for years without experiencing symptoms related to this disease. Cysts usually grow 0.5 inches or larger before a person starts to notice certain symptoms and that include:

  • Presence of blood in the urine.
  • Pain in the abdomen.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI).
  • Kidney stones.
  • Fatigue.
  • Joint pain.

Types of PKD:

Polycystic Kidney Disease is usually inherited. There are three types of PKD:

Autosomal dominant PKD:

Autosomal dominant is sometimes called adult PKD. Symptoms usually develop later in life, between the ages of 30 and 40.

Autosomal recessive PKD:

Autosomal recessive PKD is a lot less common that Autosomal dominant PKD. It’s also said to be inherited, but both parents must carry similar genes.

Acquired cystic kidney disease:

Acquired cystic kidney disease isn’t inherited. It usually occurs much later in life. ACKD develops in people who already have other kidney issues. It’s more common in people who have kidney failure or are on dialysis.

Diagnosis:

Owing to the fact that two of the types are inherited, your genes will be reviewed thoroughly. To diagnose all three types of PKD, you’d be given imaging tests to look for cysts. Types of tests include:

Abdominal ultrasound:

This non-invasive test uses sound waves to detect cysts in your kidneys.

Abdominal CT Scan:

CT Scan test is used to find out smaller cysts in the kidneys.

Abdominal MRI Scan:

This MRI uses strong magnets to image your body to visualize kidney structure and look for cysts.

PKD Treatment:

The goal of PKD treatment is to avoid further complications. Having a check on high blood pressure is the most important part of the treatment.

Some of the treatment options may include:

  • Blood pressure medication
  • Antibiotics to treat UTIs
  • A low-sodium diet
  • Surgery to drain cysts and help relieve pain

NU Hospitals offers comprehensive care under one roof backed by the best set of kidney specialists in Bangalore, who work closely to prepare an individualized treatment plan. We provide a complete spectrum of services to achieve the best possible outcome that makes us one of the best kidney care hospitals in Bangalore.